Tips to Keep Your Teeth Stain Free

We all want a perfect smile, with properly aligned teeth that are shiny and white. When you have discoloured teeth, your smile suffers. At The Accolade Dental Centre, we recognize the importance and benefits that a perfect smile could bring to your life. From this article, we would like to inform you about the causes, remedies, and preventions that you could take to protect your flawless smile.

Teeth discoloration happens when your teeth become discoloured by stains externally or by factors inside of the tooth. There are three different discoloration types that could result in stained teeth. Extrinsic discoloration is caused when outer layer of the tooth ─ the enamel ─ is stained. Black and brown stains could be caused by smoking or drinking beverages like cola, coffee, and red wine. Bad dental hygiene and bacteria buildup could also cause green or yellow staining. Intrinsic discoloration happens when the teeth discoloration is caused by inner factors. Brownish-yellow stains could be caused by early tooth decay, tetracycline antibiotics usage, or teeth sickness. Alternatively, greyish-black or greyish-blue stains could be caused by developed tooth decay, pulp necrosis, or internal bleeding. The last discoloration is age-related, where enamel corrodes over time, leading to exposed dentin and progressive discolouration from teeth injury or chips.

Some prevention methods can help to prevent extrinsic discolouration. For example, rinsing your mouth, flossing and brushing your teeth after every meal or drinking beverages such as cola, coffee, and red wine would help thwart stains and bacteria buildup. Most extrinsic discoloration caused by food and beverages could usually be removed by regular professional cleanings and home care using whitening products or bleach. Intrinsic discoloration requires more extensive care from professionals and cannot be removed using at home methods. Different procedures such as dental crowns, porcelain veneers, filling, and bleaching might be needed.  The symptoms of developed teeth discoloration could vary from white streaks to brownish-black pits on the enamel.  It is always recommended to ask your dentist to identify the causes during your regular dentist visit.

Tooth decay is one of the most common causes of intrinsic discoloration. It usually appears as brownish-yellow spots at early stages, and develops as brownish-black pits at later stages. Tooth decay occurs when bacteria leads to an infection and disturbs enamel development. In early stages, tooth decay could be treated with topical fluoride to remineralize the tooth. However, at later stages, tooth decay must be removed partially or completely to avoid the spreading of the infection. Treatments such as filling, dental crowns, and endodontic  treatment will then be necessary.  Other intrinsic discolorations caused by teeth damages such as pulp necrosis could also be treated with the same treatments. Teeth damages caused by chemical, such as fluorosis and tetracycle discolorations, are usually treated using porcelain veneers.

There are many cases where teeth discoloration could be easily prevented or fixed. At The Accolade Dental Centre, we love helping Canadians improve their dental hygiene and appearances with our expertise. If you would like to undergo any procedures to remove stains from your teeth, feel free to give us a call or drop by for consultation